‘We had been also able to measure elevated endoplasmic reticulum tension in the affected puppies’ cerebellar cortex, which gives even more support to SEL1L as the causative gene in Finnish Hound ataxia’, Ky-stil – adds. Finnish Hound ataxia is normally a single gene defect, inherited within an autosomal recessive way. According to the extensive analysis, 10 percent of Finnish Hounds carries the recessive ataxia mutation within their genome. A genetic test has been developed for breeding purposes. The check has enabled to identify disease carriers, and when mated with non-carriers, they too could be used in breeding applications. If all carrier canines were excluded by breeders, the genetic diversity of the breed could be affected.But that move might not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi uncovered this past spring. Although Hindawi doesn’t let authors recommend reviewers for his or her manuscripts, it made a decision to examine the peer-review records for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure used in Hindawi’s journals depends primarily on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are in charge of supervising the overview of submitted manuscripts.5 Since the peer reviewers chosen by the guest editors were not subject to any sort of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the process in much the same way that authors or third-party agencies did somewhere else: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses that they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.